|Libertarian Movement Party|
Partido Movimiento Libertario
|Legislative Assembly||Template:Infobox political party/seats|
The Partido Movimiento Libertario (Libertarian Movement Party or PML) is a political party based on classical liberalism in Costa Rica.
It was founded in May 1994 and has since enjoyed a number of victories. It succeeded in getting attorney Otto Guevara elected to the Legislative Assembly in its first campaign in 1998. In 2002, Guevara ran for president (unsuccessfully, 1.7% of the vote), and the party at the legislative elections won 9.3% of the popular vote and 6 out of 57 seats. A few weeks after taking office, one Congressman left the party and became independent, leaving PML with five seats. In 2006, Guevara again ran for president (unsuccessfully, 8.4% of the vote), and the party at the legislative elections won 9.1% of the popular vote and 6 out of 57 seats. A few months later, another Congressman left the party and became independent, leaving PML with five seats again.Template:Citation needed In the 2010 general election Guevara was again the PML's presidential candidate and received 20% of the popular vote.
The PML was an observer of the Liberal International or LI, and recently attained full status according to the LI website; so therefore it is also listed as a liberal party.
The party claims to represent hundreds of thousands of Costa Rican citizens from all walks of life, tired of politics, parties, traditional politicians, and the country's deteriorating situation.
- Moderate intervention of the State in health, education, infrastructure and other areas
- Break up of all of the state-owned monopolies and eliminate legal barriers on private economic activities
- Provide a low flat tax for the income produced within the country, eliminate many of the current taxes
- Free trade – eliminate tariffs and barriers to the entry of goods
- Freedom to choose the currency that consenting individuals want
- Freedom to choose your own doctor within the social security system
- Strengthen individual pension accounts
- Freedom of parents to choose schools through vouchers
- Respect for private property
- Reduction of the participation of government in the economy
- Freedom of speech and press
- Respect for the religious beliefs (or lack thereof) of the people
- Transfer of responsibility from central government to local governments
- Mirna Patricia Pérez Hegg (San José)
- Damaris Quintana Porras (San José)
- Danilo Cubero Corrales (Alajuela) (Jefe de Fracción)
- Mireya Zamora (Alajuela) (Primera Secretaria de la Asamblea Legislativa)
- Carlos Humberto Góngora (Cartago)
- Marielos Alfaro (Heredia) (Vicejefa de Fracción)
- Adonay Henríquez Guevara (Puntarenas)
- Manuel Hernández Rivera (Limón)
- Ernesto Enrique Chavarría Ruiz (Guanacaste)
Template:Citation needed In 2005, a dispute erupted between moderates and radicals within the party that led to the ouster of some of the more radical members. Despite this setback, PML continued to track along a course of “practical libertarianism” that seeks to bridge the gap between ideology and politics. Guevara said his party was now liberal and not libertarian.
- Movimiento Libertario Official website.
- RELIAL Network of Latin America Libertarian/Classical Liberal Organizations
- Reason Magazine interview with Otto Guevara
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