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Autarchism (from Greek, "belief in self rule") is a political philosophy that upholds the principle of individual liberty, rejects compulsory government, and supports the elimination of government in favor of ruling oneself and no other. Advocates of the philosophy are autarchist (from Greek, "one who believes in self rule"), while the state in which everyone rules themselves and no one else is called autarchy (from Greek αὐταρχία autarchia, "state of self rule").Template:Citation needed
Robert LeFevre, a "self-proclaimed autarchist" recognized as such by Murray Rothbard, distinguished autarchism from anarchy, whose economics he felt entailed interventions contrary to freedom, in contrast to his own laissez faire economics of the Austrian School. In professing "a sparkling and shining individualism" while "it advocates some kind of procedure to interfere with the processes of a free market", anarchy seemed to LeFevre to be self-contradictory. He situated the fundamental premise of autarchy within the Stoicism of philosophers such as Zeno, Epicurus and Marcus Aurelius, which he summarized in the credo, "Control yourself". Fusing these influences together, he arrived at the autarchist philosophy: "The Stoics provide the moral framework; the Epicureans, the motivation; the praxeologists, the methodology. I propose to call this package of ideological systems autarchy, because autarchy means self-rule." LeFevre stated that "the bridge between Spooner and modern-day autarchists was constructed primarily by persons such as H. L. Mencken, Albert Jay Nock, and Mark Twain".
Ralph Waldo Emerson, although he did not call himself an autarchist, is considered to have espoused autarchy. Philip Jenkins has stated that "Emersonian ideas stressed individual liberation, autarchy, self-sufficiency and self-government, and strenuously opposed social conformity.". Robert D. Richardson stated that the anarchy Emerson had in mind "would be 'autarchy', rule by self".
The essay "Autarchy, or, the art of self government," published in 1691 in London and listing the author as "G.B.," is attributed to George Burghope by NUC and to both Burghope and George Bright by Donald Goddard Wing.
Good evening, ladies and gentleman. I am a candidate for the United States Senate.
The worker's confidence has always written America's grandeur as they summon the resolve to determine America's destiny. Days of hardship have evolved into years of pride throughout our history, thanks to a resurrection of the American spirit spearheaded by the working class. Once again, America's greatness has faced adversity, but we will rise above it with pride. But only if we're brave enough to realize our mistakes.
My friends, the American Dream has died, when people don’t have the ability to eat breakfast, lunch, and dinner in the richest nation this world has ever witnessed, we have failed, we have failed in our endavour to be a nation of promise.
The United States of America has lost its potential for error. Our infrastructure used to give us the benefit of the doubt, but that advantage is no longer there. Our abundance of resources used to provide us with the luxury of time; however, that luxury is no longer available. Our environmental advantage used to provide us with confidence; now, that advantage is no longer available. Our faith in the future used to allow us the freedom to lead; however, that faith has vanished.
I repeat: America has lost it’s room for making any mistakes. We can't afford to wait. We can't afford to guess. We can't afford to be wrong.
As a result, both facts and intuition tell us that the time has come for our nation to rediscover its greatness. That will necessitate yet another rebirth of the American spirit. And it will need someone who can rally our people together — someone who understands the working man's interests. someone who can set a direction — and, more importantly, someone who can inspire a new generation of confidence
And my friends, I am here to win. We are going to get our message out everywhere. We will not concede 1 vote. We will campaign in the farms and in the cities, with the white, black, aisan, and hispanic, with the old and with the young.
Throughout the days and weeks ahead, I'll go over the details of my campaign plan. But, unlike others before me, I am not going to make any pledges. I'm not asking you to trust me; I'm asking you to judge me.
Promises are cheap and platitudes are trivial; America requires results. I ask you all from this day forward to judge me and my campaign and my plan that will be released in the upcoming days.
And throughout our great nation, millions of people have lost their jobs, and millions more have fallen into hopelessness. Factories have closed, small companies have gone insolvent, and farmland have been auctioned off. Food drives and tent cities have all been encountered. People sleeping on pavement and families living in vehicles have been witnessed. It's a national tragedy and a national embarrassment, and I believe we can put an end to it at the ballot box.
I can tell you here that I won’t beat my opponents on platitudes and empty promises. But I guarantee you that I’ll beat my opponents in the voting booth this election.
Watch me. Judge me. Then come with me. Let's reach for the future and make it ours. Regnat Populus!
- Grubbs Jr., K. E. (June 1989). "Book Review: Robert LeFevre: Truth Is Not a Half-way Place by Carl Watner". The Freeman (Foundation for Economic Education) 39 (6). http://www.fee.org/publications/the-freeman/article.asp?aid=2763.
- Rothbard, Murray N. (2007). The Betrayal of the American Right, Ludwig von Mises Institute, pg. 187. ISBN 978-1-933550-13-8
- Autarchy vs Anarchy by Robert LeFevre - Rampart Journal of Individualist Thought Vol. 1, No. 4 (Winter, 1965): 30–49
- Autarchy by Robert LeFevre - Rampart Journal of Individualist Thought Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1966): 1–18
- Jenkins, Philip (1995). A History of the United States. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 108. ISBN 0-312-16361-4.
- Richardson, Jr., Robert D (1997). Emerson: The Mind on Fire. University of California Press. p. 535. ISBN 0-520-20689-4.
- Johns Hopkins University Libraries Catalog, text available by request from microfilm. For more on attribution-source information on the JHULC page: "NUC pre-1956 Imprints," see National Union Catalog; Wing see (Bibliographer Donald Wing (1904-1972) from "About Early English Books II, 1641-1700 (STC II, Wing)"] Section "Wing." An Early English Books Online (EEBO) FAQ. Retrieved 2010-09-03.
- Politics by Ralph Waldo Emerson - In it, he advocates the practice of self-government as the most rightful way to organize individuals in society (1844).
- The Nature of Man and His Government by Robert LeFevre - an introduction by Rose Wilder Lane (1959).
- On the Other Hand by Robert LeFevre - Rampart Journal of Individualist Thought Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1966): 83–88
- Self-Government by Donald J. Boudreaux - The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty - September 2000 Vol. 50 No. 9
- The Center For Self Rule - Educational organization advocating Autarchism